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Journal Articles Expert Systems with Applications Year : 2019

Recurring concept meta-learning for evolving data streams

Abstract

When concept drift is detected during classification in a data stream, a common remedy is to retrain a framework’s classifier. However, this loses useful information if the classifier has learnt the current concept well, and this concept will recur again in the future. Some frameworks retain and reuse classifiers, but it can be time-consuming to select an appropriate classifier to reuse. These frameworks rarely match the accuracy of state-of-the-art ensemble approaches. For many data stream tasks, speed is important: fast, accurate frameworks are needed for time-dependent applications. We propose the Enhanced Concept Profiling Framework (ECPF), which aims to recognise recurring concepts and reuse a classifier trained previously, enabling accurate classification immediately following a drift. The novelty of ECPF is in how it uses similarity of classifications on new data, between a new classifier and existing classifiers, to quickly identify the best classifier to reuse. It always trains both a new classifier and a reused classifier, and retains the more accurate classifier when concept drift occurs. Finally, it creates a copy of reused classifiers, so a classifier well-suited for a recurring concept will not be impacted by being trained on a different concept. In our experiments, ECPF classifies significantly more accurately than a state-of-the-art classifier reuse framework (Diversity Pool) and a state-of-the-art ensemble technique (Adaptive Random Forest) on synthetic datasets with recurring concepts. It classifies real-world datasets five times faster than Diversity Pool, and six times faster than Adaptive Random Forest and is not significantly less accurate than either.
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Dates and versions

hal-02460396 , version 1 (31-01-2024)

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Robert Anderson, Yun Sing Koh, Gillian Dobbie, Albert Bifet. Recurring concept meta-learning for evolving data streams. Expert Systems with Applications, 2019, 138, pp.112832. ⟨10.1016/j.eswa.2019.112832⟩. ⟨hal-02460396⟩
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